The military court sentenced 8 defendants to death penalty on charges of attempt assassination of president Abdul Fattah al-Sisi and here I remember few political assassinations in Egypt.
Th oldest political assassination in the history of modern Egypt is the assassination of Napoleon s deputy Clipper during the French campaign against Egypt. He was killed by Suleiman al-Halabi, a student who came from Syria to study at Al-Azhar. Al-Halabi hid himself between the trees claiming to be a beggar, and used a knife to stab Clipper to death.
Then, during the British occupation of Egypt, the Black Hand Association was formed by the National Party, which believed that the assassination is one mean of struggle. They assassinated the English soldiers and those who collaborated with them among the Egyptians. They killed Sir Le Stack, the governor of Cairo, Ahmed Maher Pasha and Amin Pasha Osman. The Muslim Brotherhood continued the list by killing Counselor Khazandar in front of his house in Helwan, and Salim Pasha Zaky in front of the Faculty of Medicine, and placed bombs in front of the churches, and then killed Prime Minister Nukrashi Pasha.
The Saadian people carried out a campaign against the Brotherhood till the assassination of Hassan al-Banna, the leader of the Muslim Youth Association. Sheikh Hassan al-Banna who said once: The brothers are not after ruling. The ruling is instead after them.
Then came the revolution of July 1952, and had a close link with the Muslim Brotherhood, and two members of the Office of the guidance joined the revolution, and they are Sheikh Al-Baqouri, Abdul Aziz Kamel. Few years later, they tried to assassinate Nasser in Manshiyeh. Alexandria, which triggered a fierce campaign against the brotherhood and their supporters.
As Sadat took over, the religious groups reappeared and grew stronger till they assassinated Sadat to trigger the third fierce campaign against them.
Under Mubarak s era, few groups believed that the assassination of the individual is one of the means to Islamic call. Thus, they attacked the Minister of Interior Hassan Abu Pasha, and Nabawi Ismail, and the head of Journalist Syndicate Makram Mohammed Ahmed, and assassinated Rifaat Mahjoub, Chairman of the People s Assembly, and Sheikh Dahabi and the thinker Faraj Foda.